India: rare black panther sighted in Bengal

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India: rare black panther sighted in Bengal

An incredible and incredibly rare sight. Happening in India, a black panther was spotted in the Buxa Tiger Reserve in Alipurduar, a city in the Indian state of West Bengal. In the images captured by the reserve's camera traps, the black pamntera is on a nocturnal hunt.

The black of the animal's coat is speckled with rosettes that form its incredible texture. The genus Panthera is a taxon, or taxonomic unit, which includes all the species of a particular group of felids. In North America the term panther is commonly used to refer to the puma, while in Latin America it is more often used for the jaguar.

Elsewhere in the world it refers to the leopard (originally the Asian specimens were believed to be panthers and the African ones as leopards, it is a common misconception that the term panther necessarily indicates a melanistic individual).

Melanism is more common in jaguars in which it is due to a mutation of a dominant gene and in leopards, in which it is due to a mutation of a recessive gene. Close examination of one of these black felids still shows the presence of the typical spots, simply hidden by the supernumerary of the black pigment melanin.ù Melanistic felids can be born in a litter along with other pups who are not.

In felids that hunt especially at night, the condition is not harmful. There are also white panthers, which are albino or leucistic individuals of the three same species mentioned above.

Animals and plants are dying out 1000 times faster

According to a recent WWF report, human activity is causing and accelerating the global extinction of many plant and animal species.

Not only that: the rate of extinction of animal and plant species would be 1,000 times higher than the natural one. The WWF report Extinctions: let's not send the planet red, said: "Extinction then generates extinction as the loss of one species causes a domino effect that favors the disappearance of others.

The coronavirus pandemic has made us understand the many dangers linked to the destruction of natural habitats by man. Interfering and destroying the balance of natural ecosystems by plundering habitats causes new emergencies, not only health ones.

The unstoppable increase of the human population, the destruction of natural habitats, deforestation, traffic and wildlife trade, factory farming, pollution and the climate crisis are all interrelated issues." The report shows that between 1970 and 2016, 68% of the monitored populations of mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish suffered a sharp decline.

since the industrial revolution, human activities have destroyed and degraded more and more biomes. Among the most endangered animals are the polar bear, the tiger, the savannah elephant and the forest elephant. After the devastating Australian fires at the turn of 2019, 2020 and 2021, the Koala is also at risk of extinction.

There is also a serious threat to pollinators, victims of pesticides, which are essential for the production of food and more. To conclude, we remind you that the IUCN has classified the extinction of at least 160 species in the last decade, a number which, however, has been assessed as lacking.