The largest snakes in the world: Lachesis muta

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The largest snakes in the world: Lachesis muta

With a length of up to three meters, the rattlesnake is known as the terror of the woods is the largest living solenoglyph snake, and the longest venomous snake in the western hemisphere. The head of this animal is very large, enlarged in the back and very distinct from the body by a narrow neck.

The mouth is armed with large venom glands and two very long curved fangs that exceed five centimeters and are powered by powerful muscles. No other viperid is armed with such large teeth. This snake is similar to rattlesnakes, but its tail is not equipped with a rattle.

In any case, when the terror of the woods is alarmed, it raises its tail and makes it vibrate as happens in rattlesnakes; in a second moment he arranges himself with the front part of the body in an S shape, and with a quick sprint he bites the opponent.

The favorite habitat of this animal are the forests, where it lives camouflaged in the vegetation. On the island of Trinidad, this snake lives mostly on hills or mountains. Unlike other rattlesnakes, the terror of the woods lays eggs, which are protected by the female during their incubation.

The body, with an almost triangular section, is rather robust, and adorned with over thirty rows of strongly keeled scales. The coloration of the scales is yellowish, brownish or reddish at the base, and a series of diamond-like designs of black or dark brown color, with a light spot in the middle, run along the entire back.

A bite from this snake is comparable to a double deep intromuscular injection, with a relatively large amount of venom. When compared to that of other rattlesnakes, the venom would appear to be less toxic. In reality, the studies carried out have only been carried out on specimens in captivity, probably debilitated.

In nature, in fact, it is possible that the venom of this rattlesnake does not differ in terms of toxicity from that of the snakes of the genus Bothrops, and certainly the quantities injected are much greater. In fact, there are many reports of fatal bites caused by this large predatory snake.

The poison is hemotoxic with proteolysis and hemolysis. IUCN has classified the rattlesnake as vulnerable, placing it in its Red List.