The polar bear or white bear is a large carnivorous mammal belonging to the Ursidae family. It is a species found around the north pole in the Arctic Ocean and is the largest land-based carnivore on our planet along with the kodiak bear.
The polar bear lives in the Arctic and its habitat is included in 6 countries: Canada (Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon), USA (Alaska), Russia (Krasnoyarsk, Magadan, Northwestern Federal District, Western Siberia, Yakutia), Greenland, Norway (Svalbard), Iceland.
The current polar bear population is estimated at 20-25,000, of which 60% are in Canada. The polar bear is the most meat-eating member of the Ursid family. Its primary protein source consists primarily of seals, but also cetaceans, walruses, molluscs, crabs, fish, even sea worms, birds, young eagles and owls, wolverines, polar foxes, reindeer and lemmings.
It can also eat berries and waste. As evidence of this, a polar bear is depicted on the Canadian 2 dollar coin. The polar bear has been classified as vulnerable by the IUCN, which placed it on its red list: the species faces extinction due to the climate crisis and global warming, which is destroying its natural habitat.
Polar bear furs no longer find buyers
Polar bear furs no longer find buyers, however, at least in Canada, and this is certainly a cause for celebration for all the world's environmental and animal welfare organizations.
About 16,000 polar bears live in Canada, a species protected since 1973. Hunting is regulated, subject to quotas, and reserved for native populations: over 75% of bears are captured in the Nunavut territory and 280 furs are exported every year.
This year there were no buyers for the polar bear skins put up for sale by Inuit hunters. The biggest buyers of polar bear furs are the Chinese. China and Russia did not show up at the large fur auctions traditionally held in North Bay, Ontario.
Their absence has put the Canadian Inuit in great difficulty, among whom the unemployment rate is very high and the export of these skins is practically their main economic resource. The lack of buyers caused the stock to increase and consequently the price to drop, which fell between 200 and 800 dollars each according to Radio Canada.