According to WWF, the tiger population has experienced a population growth of almost 20% in the last 12 years, a great conservation success, even if the species remains at high risk of extinction. In Nepal alone, for example, the number has doubled to 355 individuals.
Meanwhile, in China, after 12 years, in 2022, the year of the tiger is again on the Chinese calendar and on July 29 was celebrated the World Day dedicated to the largest feline on the planet. Compared to the approximately 100,000 individuals estimated at the beginning of the last century, today there are between 3,726 and 5,578 tigers.
According to WWF, tiger conservation will only be guaranteed by working with local communities as well. New policies to foster coexistence will become ineffective if they do not take into account the rapid change taking place in the tiger area of Asia starting with demographic and economic growth and climate change.
2022 year of the Tiger: population growing by 20%
A pivotal time to redefine a conservation plan for this species will be the second Global Tiger Summit on September 5, 2022 in Vladivostock, Russia. In India today lives the largest population, with 2,226 tigers counted.
Between China and Russia there are about 450 specimens of the Amur tiger, a unique subspecies now at high risk of extinction, while in Indonesia only about 400 Sumatran tigers survive. In 2010, which was the turning point with the birth of the Global Tiger Initiative and the first Tiger Summit, there were only about 3,200.
The destruction of the forests and poaching had eliminated about 95% of the historical habitat and reduced the natural populations of the feline by 97%. The tiger occupies more than two hundred different types of habitats, which can range from tropical rainforests to coniferous and birch forests in the Russian east, through the mangroves of the Sundarbans forest.
This demonstrates a high adaptability, characterized by the ability to deal with a varied range of climatic conditions, which includes completely opposite areas, such as humid and hot areas to extremely cold and snowy areas where temperatures can be as low as -40 degrees Celsius.
. Until 2008 it was believed that the tiger could live up to a height of 3000 meters, but in Bhutan, traces of tiger footprints have been found and photographed which have shown that this predator can reach territories that are between 3700 and 4300 meters.