According to WWF's Living Planet Report 2022, the wild animal population has dropped by 69% over the past 50 years. The devastating losses to nature are due to human activity from 1970 to today. The organization appeals to world leaders: "Only an ambitious agreement could reverse the loss of biodiversity and, at the same time, guarantee the livelihoods of billions of people whose economies depend directly on nature." The main causes concern the excessive exploitation of plants and animals, pollution, intensive agriculture, poaching, deforestation.
Global warming following climate change will be the main cause of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. In regions rich in biodiversity, such as Latin America and the Caribbean, the collapse of the animal population has reached as much as 94%.
It was freshwater populations that suffered the greatest decline of any group of species: globally they decreased by 83%.
WWF: wild animal population dropped by 69% in 50 years
President of WWF Italy said: "We are harming the world.
We continue to think that the world ends, but the world will not end, it has incredible adaptive capacities. Life exists in every way, it is the species that are at risk of extinction and among the species at risk there is also ours.
The only advantage we have over tigers, lions or fish, which need us to save themselves, we can do it ourselves but we need to understand the urgency of this problem and take action. " WWF also calls on governments to adequately take into account the value of services rendered by nature, such as food, medicine and water supply, in their decision-making process.
The Living Planet Report argues that increasing conservation and restoration efforts, more sustainably food production and consumption, and rapid and profound decarbonisation of all sectors can alleviate the dual crisis of climate change and biodiversity loss.
For many species, unfortunately, the ascent seems very difficult, if there is no immediate action to revive their fate.