The Siberian Husky is one of the most loved and appreciated dog breeds. Cheerful and playful, dignified and proud, he is sometimes jovial, but above all very sociable with everyone, dogs and people: in fact, he can be an excellent playmate for children.
Although it is a bit stubborn, like all Nordic dogs, it can be educated, as long as it is at an early age. Despite the friendly character, it is very independent, not easy to raise and has a strong predatory instinct towards small domestic and non-domestic animals. Particularly in the first years of life, it is necessary to avoid separating it from the master and letting it stay alone, even for short periods.
In addition to suffering from loneliness, his character may suffer. Due to its character traits, the Siberian Husky tends to find a certain role within the family that is adopting it, as it considers it almost as if it were a pack.
For this reason, the animal will submit more to the one it considers to be its pack leader, while with the other members it will be a little less respectful. For these reasons it is necessary to educate him in a firm but extremely rewarding way, because he is very intelligent and sensitive.
The breed was selected in its modern form in the United States of America from dogs originating in Siberia, where it had been bred for centuries by the Chukchi people for pulling sleds. At the beginning of the twentieth century a fur merchant, William Goosak, imported specimens to Alaska.
In the All Alaska Sweepstakes of 1909 the tow organized by him finished third, arousing amazement also for the difference in size with the dogs usually used, so as to earn the nickname of Siberian rats.
Dog breeds in the world: Siberian Husky
In the following years dogs of Siberian origin were repeatedly successful in lucrative sled dog racing, thanks to enthusiasts such as Fox Maule Ramsay.
In 1913 Amundsen wanted to use them for an expedition to the North Pole. Carefully selected specimens were entrusted to Leonhard Seppala for training, but in 1914 the First World War caused the abandonment of the project. However, Seppala's crews won the last three editions of the Sweepstakes (1915, 1916 and 1917), before the entry of the United States into the world war decreed the end of the competition.
Despite being a muscular breed, it has an elegant, light and well-proportioned frame. It has a slightly rounded skull which, together with the muzzle which narrows towards the nose, helps to bring out its lupine appearance.
The almond-shaped, slightly oblique eyes can be brown, amber, blue or heterochrome. The ears, carried erect and close together, are small in order to disperse less heat and well furnished with hair, in order to bear better the polar temperatures to which they are often exposed.
As far as the breed standard is concerned, the muzzle of the Siberian Husky must have a one to one ratio, i.e. the distance between the occiput and the stop must be equal to that between the stop and the tip of the nose. It should never be coarse, too heavy, too fine or too pointed.