IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Iucn Red List or Red Data List gives us the largest and most up-to-date database on the conservation status of animal and plant species on the entire earth. As for animals, there are over 30 thousand species considered at more or less high risk of extinction and close to definitive disappearance.
A worrying number, which includes 23% of mammals and 14% of birds, 25% of reptiles and 41% of amphibians. There are 10 endangered animals that symbolize how much human action is bringing these creatures to the brink. The extinction of the great Galapagos tortoises has so far been averted only thanks to an effective captive breeding program.
Over the past 25 years, the Sumatran elephant has lost 80% of its original habitat. A 2000 census indicates that around 2,000 specimens remain in the wild. Borneo pangolin, endemic to the forests of Southeast Asia, is currently protected, but few populations remain.
IUCN estimates that there are still 12 specimens of Vaquinta in the Gulf of California, carefully monitored to prevent the definitive disappearance of the species. With only 800 individuals in the wild, the Tapanuli orangutan has the lowest population of all the great apes.
Instead, there are only 180 golden cebi recorded by scientists in nature. Of the Imperial Amazon, symbol of the small island Dominica, in the Caribbean Sea, only about a hundred individuals remain today. The Amur leopard is considered the rarest feline in the world, with just 103 specimens recorded in nature, of which only 6 are females.
Native to the mountainous taiga and temperate forests of Korea, northeastern China and eastern Russia, a Javan rhino remains today a single wild population of just 60 in Ujung Kulon National Park at the western end of Java in Indonesia.
In conclusion, there are only 680 remaining specimens of the mountain gorilla that are today found in the Virunga Mountains region, and within the Bwindi forest, in southwestern Uganda.
The orangutan is on the edge of the abyss
Truly alarming figures on the survival of this beautiful and vulnerable primate species were revealed during World Orangutan Day.
IUCN said orangutan is dying out, putting the animal on its red list. Up to 100 years ago there were more than 230,000 specimens of the species, now it is estimated about 104,700 specimens of Bornean orangutan, 7,500 of Sumatran orangutan and 800 of Tanopuli orangutan, the most endangered species among the great apes.
Poaching is doing its bad part. Many orangutans are captured and sold on the black market to end up in the hands of hunters of rare and exotic animals, many others are exterminated because they are considered a threat to farms and crops.
The disappearance of the rainforest, the natural habitat of the orangutan, supplanted by pastures and fields for the cultivation of palm oil palm, drastically reducing the area essential for the survival of the animal. A truly dramatic end.