Copernicus Climate Change Service said that just passed was the third warmest June ever on a planetary level. The average global temperature was 0.31 ° C, higher than the average recorded between 1991 and 2020. Europe had the second warmest June on record, with temperatures above average of around 1.6 ° C, behind only to terrifying 2003.
Copernicus Climate Change Service, Carlo Buontempo explained: "In the coming years, increasingly frequent and strong heat waves are expected, similar to those observed this year in Europe and beyond. It is of particular importance to make reliable data public, so as to allow anyone to monitor these trends and better prepare for what lies ahead." Extreme temperatures occurred in Spain, France and Italy, while higher than average temperatures were also recorded in China, Japan and the USA.
Colder than average temperatures were found in Greenland and most of South America. Heat waves, which can be defined as an extended period of high temperatures compared to the conditions foreseen for the area and for the period of the year under consideration, can lead to various problems for human health such as fatigue, severe dehydration and greater risks for people with chronic diseases.
Climate crisis: June 2022 the third warmest ever worldwide
These heat waves are in line with the data presented in the latest IPCC Assessment Report, as there is an increase in the frequency and intensity of heat waves.
IPCC attributes this situation to man-made climate change, which unfortunately is destined to increase in the future due to global warming. Temperatures in June dropped rapidly after reaching a high in June 2022, as the heat wave spreads further east and north.
This region experienced long warm periods, for example in 2003 and 2017. However, overall, June 2022 was the third warmest for this European region. Averages of the minimum and maximum daily surface air temperature anomalies for south-western Europe for the months of May and June from 1967 to 2022, relating to the period between 1991 and 2020.
Southwestern Europe, after experiencing the first warm period in the second half of May, was hit by a further period of exceptionally high temperatures four weeks later, peaking on June 17. These periods are in stark contrast to the exceptionally cold temperatures recorded in the region in early April 2022 and to the less pronounced lows recorded in Spain in the same month.