The Dead Sea would be shrinking at a rate of about 90 centimeters per year. The damage is not only caused by climate change but also directly by man. In fact, one of the anthropogenic causes would seem to be the construction of dams and pipelines.
Over the years, it has had an impact on the reduction of the inflow water levels. Furthermore, the extraction of minerals by cosmetic companies has proved equally destructive. According to experts, if there is no news, the Dead Sea could be completely dry by 2050.
The Abyss is the deepest and least luminous point of the Dead Sea, which exceeds 794 meters above sea level. depth, more than double the average. In the 19th century, a depth of between 1,308 and 1,688 feet was calculated. On the banks not far from the Abyss, the historic cities of Sodom and Gomorrah once arose.
Even in the seventeenth century, after the Copernican Revolution, the Abyss had a spiritual significance, contrasted with the spiritual stature of the Virgin Mary, exalted by God above every being created by the choice of being her humble Handmaid.
According to Alon Tal as the current situation of imbalance between evaporation and injected water continues, the Dead Sea is slowly destined to disappear. In fact, since it is the lowest point of the earth's surface it is also one of the warmest, the consequent evaporation is not compensated by the influx of the waters of the Jordan and other more arid watercourses.
Starting from the middle of the last century, when Israeli and Jordanian farmers began to use the waters of rivers, especially the Jordan, for agricultural use, the flow of the Jordan was reduced to 10% of its natural flow.
Furthermore, the Jordanian and Israeli potash industries located in the southern Dead Sea region exacerbate the drop in the lake level, which has already dropped by about 30 meters. Various solutions have been studied to raise the level of the lake and, despite the opposition of environmentalists, at the moment the World Bank has made an appropriation equivalent to 15 million dollars for the feasibility study of a connection with the Red Sea, baptized Condotto della Pace, which would channel water to Aqaba and bring it for about 170-200 kilometers to the southern shores of the Dead Sea, with a great possibility of producing electricity, exploiting the difference in height between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, providing energy, between the 'other, to a desalination plant that would supply fresh water to Amman, with an expected cost of around 4.5 billion euros.