Climate change and women's health

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Climate change and women's health

Some examples of climate change are global warming, global cooling, and changing precipitation regimes. Thanks to paleoclimatology, it is known that the climatic history of the Earth goes through continuous phases of more or less rapid and more or less cyclical climate changes, passing from ice ages to interglacial ages, from glacial periods to interglacial periods, from moments of cooling to moments of heating.

Many of the parameters that influence the climate are in slow, but continuous change, so much so that the climate itself, in the medium to long term, is never purely static, but always changing, more or less slowly, in search of a new equilibrium within the climate system passing from warmer to colder phases.

When a climate change occurs on a limited time scale, for example annual, we speak more properly of a climatic anomaly, typically falling within the climatic variability if not even in the meteorological variability of the atmospheric circulation.

Climate change and women's health

The study: Climate Change and Women's Health: A Scoping Review, GeoHealth, explained: "Climate change is a significant global health threat that is, underpinned by the existing issue of gender inequality.

A scoping review was conducted to better understand the relationship between climate change and women's health. We found a notably higher proportion of existing studies focused on low - and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Most of the studies included were published after 2010, with predominantly qualitative study designs. Four key themes were identified, including women's exposure to climate change risks, the impacts on women's health, factors contributing to the vulnerability, and responding strategies in addressing climate change.

The scoping review indicates that women's health is at higher risks due to the vulnerability to climate change, especially in LMICs. Meanwhile, it is beneficial to have insights from women in terms of adaptation and mitigation strategies to build stronger resilience.

Mixed methods are strongly recommended to support evidence-based policy ma king in responding to climate change."