Vinit Kumar, Venkateswara Sarma, Kasun M Thambugala, Jun-Jie Huang, Xiang-Yang Li and Ge-Fei Hao are a group of scientists who have completed a research titled Ecology and Evolution of Marine Fungi With Their Adaptation to Climate Change, published on the Frontiers in microbiology.
The research has led to surprising results. The scientists of the research group themselves explain: "Climate change agitates interactions between organisms and the environment and forces them to adapt, migrate, get replaced by others, or extinct.
Marine environments are extremely sensitive to climate change that influences their ecological functions and microbial community including fungi. Fungi from marine habitats are engaged and adapted to perform diverse ecological functions in marine environments.
Several studies focus on how complex interactions with the surrounding environment affect fungal evolution and their adaptation."
Marine Fungi are adapting to Climate Change
Researchers then told: "However, a review addressing the adaptation of marine fungi to climate change is still lacking.
Here we have discussed the adaptations of fungi in the marine environment with an example of Hortaea werneckii and Aspergillus terreus which may help to reduce the risk of climate change impacts on marine environments and organisms.
We address the ecology and evolution of marine fungi and the effects of climate change on them to explain the adaptation mechanism review of marine fungal adaptations will show widespread effects on evolutionary biology and the mechanism responsible for it.
Marine fungi play an important role in energy flow, exopolysaccharide complexes synthesis, and nutrient recycling. They intercede the cycling of dissolved organic matter and select appropriate decomposing techniques, such as comminution, non-enzymic chemical reactions, leaching, and volatilization.
Temperature fluctuations can significantly impact marine ecosystems and marine organisms. Sea-level has a major influence on the climate and fungal diversity. Studies have shown the potential to disrupt marine ecosystems through rising sea levels.
Strong cyclones may destroy mangroves by defoliation, uprooting, and tree mortality because of the accelerated increase in sea level."