COP 27, between climate crisis and food crisis



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COP 27, between climate crisis and food crisis

The Cop27 in Sharm El Sheik, Egypt, is proceeding with ups and downs, and a lot of controversy. According to the World Meteorological Organization, in Asia in 2021 the economic damage from drought would have increased by 63% compared to the average of the previous twenty years (2001-2020), while the damage from floods increased by 23% and those of landslides of 147%.

In 2021, floods caused the largest economic damage in China at $ 18.4 billion, followed by India with $ 3.2 billion and Thailand with $ 0.6 billion. Floods have caused the most loss of life and economic damage, drought has affected the most people.

The global mean sea level has risen by about 3.4 millimeters per year over the past 30 years. Sea level rose by about 5mm between January 2021 and August 2022.

COP 27, between climate crisis and food crisis

The global average temperature in 2022 is currently estimated by the World Meteorological Organization at around 1.15: for the first time in history, no snow has survived the summer season even at the highest measurement points.

Between 2001 and 2022, the volume of frozen ice in Switzerland decreased from 77 km3 to 49 km3, a decline of more than a third. According to some FAO statistics, by 2050, on planet Earth, the population could reach 9.7 billion and 1 in 4 people globally, so almost 2 billion people are at risk of food shortages, 770 million people are at risk of malnutrition and 1.5 billion will live on soil with too high a salt content to be fertile.

Global food demand is projected to increase by 70% by 2050 and will require at least $ 80 billion in annual investment to meet it. COP27 President Sameh Shoukry told: "Climate change has a disproportionate impact on vulnerable communities around the world.

To address this imbalance, we need to develop sustainable food and farming systems and meet the urgent needs of food-importing developing countries. . Through the FAST initiative, we will mobilize the world to unlock financial flows to increase climate resilience and implement the urgently needed transformation in agri-food systems."