Environmental microplastic effect on the cardiovascular system

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Environmental microplastic effect on the cardiovascular system

Both categories of microplastics have been found to persist in the environment in large quantities, especially in marine and aquatic ecosystems. This is because plastic deforms but does not break for many years, it can be ingested and accumulated in the body and tissues of many organisms.

The entire cycle and movement of microplastics in the environment has not yet been studied in depth, especially due to the difficulty of analyzing a mixture of various types of more or less inert plastics. Microplastics come from different sources: they are found massively in products such as cosmetics, personal care and household products, in building materials, in industries and in agriculture.

Often in cosmetics, microplastics make up up to 90% of the total weight of the product, as in the case of skin exfoliants. Tire wear also produces microplastics. A large amount of microplastics is of home origin, such as those coming from the washing of synthetic garments, which are poured into water.

This problem can be reduced through special filters, low temperature washing and the use of liquid detergents. Environmental microplastic and nanoplastic: Exposure routes and effects on coagulation and the cardiovascular system, study published on the Environmental pollution, explained: "Plastic pollution has been a growing concern in recent decades due to the proliferation and ease of manufacturing of single use plastic products and inadequate waste and recycling management.

Microplastic, and even smaller nanoplastic, particles are persistent pollutants in aquatic and terrestrial systems and are the subject of active and urgent research. This review will explore the current research on how exposure to plastic particles occurs and the risks associated from different exposure routes: ingestion, inhalation, and dermal exposure.

The effects of microplastics on the cardiovascular system are of particular importance due to its sensitivity and ability to transport particles to other organ systems. The effects of microplastics and nanoplastics on the heart, platelet aggregation, and thrombus formation will all be explored with focus on how the particle characteristics modulate their effect.

Plastic particle interactions are highly dependent on both their size and their surfa ce chemistry and interesting research is being done with the interaction of particle characteristics and effect on thrombosis and the cardiovascular system.

There is significant uncertainty surrounding some of the findings in this field as research in this area is still maturing. There are undoubtedly more physiological consequences than we are currently aware of resulting from environmental plastic exposure and more studies need to be conducted to reveal the full extent of pathologies caused by the various routes of microplastic exposure, with particular emphasis on longitudinal exposure effects.

Further research will allow us to recognize the full extent of physiological impact and begin developing viable solutions to reduce plastic pollution and potentially design interventions to mitigate in-vivo plastic effects following significant or prolonged exposure."