CoP27 ended on Friday 18 November in Sharm el-Sheikh. The commitments made in Glasgow last year were met by only 29 out of 194 countries. The absence in Egypt of China and India, the two most polluting countries in the world, was emblematic.
On the occasion of the event, the Climate TRACE was presented, a monitoring system for greenhouse gas emissions, free and available to all countries. US President Joe Biden apologized for US withdrawal from climate agreements: "The United States of America will meet our emissions targets by 2030.
We are proving that good climate policy is good economic policy." António Guterres, UN Secretary General, explained: "Climate TRACE data shows that due to underestimation of methane losses, flaring and other activities associated with oil and gas production, emissions are much higher than previously.
This should be a wake-up call for governments and the financial sector, especially for those who continue to invest in and support fossil fuel pollution. Climate action must be driven by science, data and the facts. The planet is still in resuscitation.
We need to drastically reduce emissions now and this is a problem this COP has not addressed. The loss and damage fund is essential, but it is not an answer if the climate crisis wipes a small island state off the map or turns an entire African country into the desert."
What does CoP27 leave us?
President of the Italian Council of Ministers Giorgia Meloni exoplained: "We are in the decisive moment of the battle against climate change.
In recent months we have had the demonstration of the dramatic effects it causes in Europe, Pakistan, the Horn of Africa and many other areas of the Planet." Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause an additional 250,000 deaths per year.
The alarm launched by the WHO is confirmed by scientific data. The average temperature in 2022 is about 1.15 degrees above pre-industrial levels. The average sea level has increased by about 3.4 millimeters per year in thirty years from 1993 to 2022.