The last year of Jair Bolsonaro's administration in Brazil, deforestation in the Amazon reached a record level in 2022, marking an increase for the fifth consecutive year. In the last year of the Bolsonaro administration, the forest has lost more than 10.5 million square kilometres.
The data, which indicate 2022 as the worst in the last 15 years, were released by the Imazon institute, a non-profit organization based in Brazil and which has been dedicated to rainforest conservation since 2008 by analyzing satellite images of the lung green of the planet.
Minister of the Environment, Marina Silva, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, said: "We understand that protecting the Amazon is our duty and we will lead by example, but we need a strong partnership. We need the help of international bodies, companies and various organizations, not only to protect the forest, but also to bring sustainable development to the area.
Lula will hold a meeting with the leaders of all the countries hosting the Amazon rainforest to discuss integration and solutions for the region."
Brazil: 2022 record year of deforestation in the Amazon
Meanwhile, the Brazilian government has launched the first operations against illegal deforestation in the Amazon after President Lula promised to end the destruction of the forest, which had increased to record levels during the administration of Jair Bolsonaro.
The operations, which began in recent days, were conducted by the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources, the operational arm of the Ministry of the Environment, and by the federal police, to prevent loggers and ranchers from illegally clearing the forest.
The actions were carried out starting from the states of Parà, Roraima and Acre. The annual rate of deforestation in the Amazon region increased dramatically between 1991 and 2000. In these 9 years, the total area of the Amazon rainforest deforested since 1970 increased from 419,010 to 575,903 km2.
Most of this lost forest has been replaced by pastures for cattle. Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest continued to accelerate in the early 2000s, reaching an annual rate of 27,423 km² of forest loss in 2004. Today, remaining forest cover continues to decline, more and more each year.