Climate change and African migrant health

Climate Change and African Migrant Health, study published on the International journal of environmental research and public health, try to give answer to this question

by Lorenzo Ciotti
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Climate change and African migrant health

Immigration, in public discussion and in the news reports, is also often compared to the problem of the increase in delinquency and crime. But beyond these aspects, public opinion in many countries, already debilitated by the economic crisis and worried about terrorist phenomena, speaks out against mass immigration, out of fear that this could aggravate problems of security and social cohesion.

Immigration can help solve problems such as overpopulation, hunger, epidemics and poverty in the countries of origin. At a political level, the countries of origin and of destination can enter into bilateral agreements that provide for programmed and controlled migratory flows, to respond to the labor needs of the country of destination, to problems of overpopulation in the country of origin, offset by other aspects such as a exchange of raw materials and energy.

An agreement of this type may provide for the supply of raw materials and labor in exchange for finished products and investments in industry and infrastructure in the supplier country. Climate Change and African Migrant Health, study published on the International journal of environmental research and public health, explained: "Climate change exacerbates existing sociopolitical and economic vulnerabilities, undermining livelihoods, inflating the risk of conflict, and making it difficult for people to remain stable.

In 2019, around 25 million new displacements occurred due to natural disasters. This review aims to summarize the existing evidence regarding the impact of climate change on the health of African immigrants. Nine databases were systematically searched using a strategy developed in collaboration with a subject librarian.

Potentially relevant articles were identified, screened, and reviewed by at least two reviewers, with a third reviewer resolving conflicts where necessary. Data were extracted from relevant articles using a standardized form.

Seven studies (three cross-sectional, two qualitative, one cohort, and one need assessment report) were identified; they included different categories of African migrants and reported on various aspects of health. The included articles report on climate change, e.g., flooding, drought, and excess heat, resulting in respiratory illness, mental health issues, malnutrition, and premature mortality among African immigrants.

This review suggests climate change adversely affects the physical, mental, and social health of African immigrants. It also highlights a knowledge gap in evidence related to the impact of climate change on the health of African immigrants."