Global mental health and climate change

The study Global mental health and climate change: A geo-psychiatry perspective, published in the Asian journal of psychiatry, made a review on the issue

by Lorenzo Ciotti
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Global mental health and climate change

By analyzing global data on CO2 emissions, it is clear that some countries have a greater impact than others. Currently, the countries that emit the largest amount of CO2 are China, the United States and India, in that order.

However, if we consider the total amount of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere throughout history, the picture changes. The United States leads the list, followed by China and Russia. Finally, if one examines the impact of CO2 emissions in relation to the population, ie the amount of CO2 produced per inhabitant, the countries that stand out are Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait.

The predominant causes of global warming, son of the climate crisis, are to be found in human activity, due to the emissions into the earth's atmosphere of increasing quantities of greenhouse gases and other factors always attributable to human activities, the Kyoto protocol, signed in 1997 and which as of November 2009 had 187 countries joining, aims at reducing these man-made greenhouse gases.

The Paris Agreement, signed in December 2015, commits participating States to keeping the increase in global temperature well below 2°C" above pre-industrial levels.

Global mental health and climate change

The study Global mental health and climate change: A geo-psychiatry perspective, published in the Asian journal of psychiatry, explained: "Climate changes affect planet ecosystems, living beings, humans, including their lives, rights, economy, housing, migration, and both physical and mental health.

Geo-psychiatry is a new discipline within the field of psychiatry studying the interface between various geo-political factors including geographical, political, economic, commercial and cultural determinants which affect society and psychiatry: it provides a holistic overview on global issues such as climate changes, poverty, public health and accessibility to health care.

It identifies geopolitical factors and their effects at the international and national levels, as well as considers the politics of climate changes and poverty within this context. This paper then introduces the Compassion, Assertive Action, Pragmatism, and Evidence Vulnerability Index (CAPE-VI) as a global foreign policy index: CAPE-VI calculates how foreign aid should be prioritized for countries that are at risk or already considered to be fragile.

These countries are characterized by various forms of conflict, disadvantaged by extremes of climate change, poverty, human rights abuses, and suffering from internal warfare or terrorism."