The climate crisis worsens the health of our planet with each passing year. Global warming resulting from human activities and pollution are destroying many ecosystems considered fundamental to the balance of our fragile and beloved planet.
Now every year we witness critical weather conditions, such as extreme heat waves, floods and torrential rains, melting ice, fires and desertification. Importantly, specific projections of ecosystems at risk in 2023 depend on multiple factors, such as the severity of climate change and the impact of anthropogenic activities in each region of the world.
However, there are some natural ecosystems that are usually considered particularly vulnerable.
The 5 ecosystems threatened by the climate crisis in 2023
Coral reefs, including those on the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, are at risk from ocean warming, acidification and pollution.
These factors can lead to coral bleaching and the loss of their communities, threatening marine biodiversity.
Rainforests, including the Amazon and the Congo, are threatened by deforestation, agricultural expansion and the logging industry.
The loss of rainforests can lead to biodiversity loss, desertification and increased greenhouse gas emissions.
Coastal areas, including wetlands, mangroves and beaches, are at risk from rising sea levels, coastal erosion and increasingly intense storms.
These ecosystems play an important role in coastal protection, flood mitigation and the conservation of marine species.
Glaciers such as those in the Alps and Himalayas are threatened by global warming, contributing to the reduction of freshwater reserves for many regions.
Furthermore, the rapid melting of polar ice, such as that of the Arctic and Antarctica, contributes to sea level rise.
Islands, especially those at low altitude, are sensitive to sea level rise. Many islands, such as the Maldives, the Philippines and some Pacific nations, may be threatened by coastal erosion, salt intrusion and extreme weather events.
Bu we recall taht these are just a few examples of the natural ecosystems most at risk, however, it is important to monitor climate developments and human activities to identify further areas of concern.