The situation in tropical rainforest ecosystems is extremely serious. Tropical rainforests are one of the most important ecosystems on the planet due to their key role in regulating the global climate, conserving biodiversity and providing essential resources for millions of people.
However, these forests are facing a number of threats that put their survival at risk. The main causes that threaten tropical rainforests include deforestation, the expansion of large-scale agriculture, mining, human encroachment, the illegal logging industry and climate change.
Deforestation is one of the most significant causes, with large portions of forest being cut down to make way for agricultural activities, such as livestock farming and the cultivation of crops such as palm oil and soy.
Between 2015 and 2020, tropical rainforests lost around 40 million hectares
Numerous hectares of tropical rainforest have been lost in recent years.
Between 2015 and 2020, tropical rainforests lost around 40 million hectares. This figure is extremely worrying, as it represents an acceleration in deforestation compared to previous years.
According to the FAO, the net loss of forests is estimated at around 7.3 million hectares per year, equivalent to twenty thousand hectares per day.
In Latin America, the Amazon loses 25,276 square kilometers of forest, an area the size of Sicily. In Indonesia, 49 square kilometers of forest are lost every day, for a deforestation rate of 2 percent per year. The most fragile ecosystems are all in danger of extinction, just think of marsh and brackish forests.
20% of mangrove forests have disappeared since 1980. The loss of tropical rainforests has significant consequences for the environment. In addition to the loss of biodiversity, deforestation contributes to increased greenhouse gas emissions, further exacerbating climate change.
Furthermore, the felling of rainforests can cause desertification, soil erosion, flooding and changes in water circulation, with negative effects on local and global communities. It is therefore crucial to take effective measures to protect and preserve tropical rainforests, such as implementing sustainable forest management policies, strengthening enforcement of forest laws, and promoting conservation-based economic alternatives for local communities.
rather than the destruction of rainforests. Rainforests, including the Amazon and Congo, are threatened by deforestation, agricultural expansion and the timber industry. The loss of rainforests can lead to biodiversity loss, desertification and increased greenhouse gas emissions.