What are the worst man-made ecological disasters? Destroyed nuclear power plants, radiation, oil leakage into the environment, pollution. What impact have they had on flora, fauna and human health? Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986 was caused by an explosion in the nuclear reactor as a result of human errors and design flaws.
Containment measures have been taken, including confining the site and evacuating people. The surrounding environment has been severely contaminated by radiation, impacting fauna, flora and human health. 1984 Bhopal environmental disaster was caused by a toxic gas leak from a chemical plant following a malfunction in the safety system.
Rescue and clean-up measures were undertaken, but the long-term consequences on human health and the environment were significant. Exxon Valdez disaster in 1989 has been caused by the sinking of an oil tanker off the coast of Alaska due to human error.
Measures have been adopted to clean beaches and restore marine ecosystems seriously damaged by the oil spill. The 2008 Nigerian oil pipeline disaster was caused by continuous oil spills from old oil pipelines in Nigeria due to sabotage by armed groups and lack of maintenance.
Response measures include cleaning affected areas and replacing damaged pipelines.
10 worst man-made ecological disasters
The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant explosion was caused by an earthquake and tsunami that caused the nuclear power plant's cooling systems to collapse.
Evacuations, containment measures and cleanup of the site have been carried out, but the surrounding environment is still affected by radiation. Persian Gulf War of 1990-1991, following military operations and the burning of Kuwait's oil wells by Iraq during the war.
Actions have been taken to put out fires and clean up areas affected by air and soil pollution. Amoco Cadiz disaster of 1978, and caused by the sinking of an oil tanker, caused a huge oil spill off the coast of France. Measures have been taken to clean beaches, recover marine fauna and impose stricter regulations on oil transport.
Minamata disaster 1956-1968, was caused by industrial mercury pollution in Minamata Bay in Japan. Measures have been taken to reduce pollution and limit exposure to mercury, as well as provide medical care to those affected.
The 1988 North Sea disaster occurred due to the explosion and subsequent sinking of an oil platform in the North Sea due to a design and maintenance error. Measures were taken to stop the oil spill, repair damaged infrastructure and enact new safety laws for oil rigs.
The 2005 Marlin mine disaster was caused by a breach in the toxic waste retention dam of a gold mine in Guatemala. Actions have been taken to clean up pollution and rehabilitate affected areas, as well as legislative reforms on mining waste management.