2023 will be the warmest year on record

The year that is about to end would be confirmed as the most contrasting ever, from a climatic point of view

by Lorenzo Ciotti
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2023 will be the warmest year on record
© Christopher Furlong / Staff Getty Images News

2023 will be the warmest year on record, according to climate change data from Copernicus, the European Earth observation program. Samantha Burgess, deputy director of C3S, said: "2023 saw a record-breaking six months and two seasons.

November's exceptional global temperatures, including two days 2ºC warmer than pre-industrial times, make 2023 the year warmest in recorded history." Director of C3S, Carlo Buontempo, analyzed: "As long as greenhouse gas concentrations continue to increase, we cannot expect different results from those seen this year.

The temperature will continue to increase and so will the impact of heat waves and droughts Reaching the zero threshold as soon as possible is an effective way to manage climate risks."

2023 will be the warmest year on record

The global average temperature for 2023 is the highest ever recorded, 1.46°C above the pre-industrial average, referring to the period between 1850 and 1900.

November, the warmest ever recorded globally, recorded an average surface air temperature of 14.22°C. This is a dynamic where El Niño also had an impact, continuing in the equatorial Pacific, although with anomalies that remained lower than those reached in this period of the year in the 2015 event.

Drier-than-average conditions occurred across several regions of the United States and central and eastern Asia, as well as most of the extratropical Southern Hemisphere. Analyzing global data on CO₂ emissions, it is clear that some countries have a greater impact than others.

Currently, the countries that emit the largest amount of CO₂ are China, the United States and India, in that order. However, if we consider the overall quantity of CO₂ emitted into the atmosphere over the course of history, the picture changes.

The United States leads the list, followed by China and Russia. Finally, if we examine the impact of CO₂ emissions in relation to the population, i.e. we evaluate the quantity of CO₂ produced per inhabitant, the nations that stand out are Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait.