Political empowerment and female education mitigate children climate vulnerability

In developing countries under the pressure of the climate crisis, what is the role of women and how much does it contribute?

by Lorenzo Ciotti
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Political empowerment and female education mitigate children climate vulnerability
© Christopher Furlong / Staff Getty Images

Developing countries often have issues related to the climate crisis and resulting global warming. Lack of resources turns into lack of food and water. Those who suffer most are vulnerable people, such as children. In such a context, women play a fundamental, indeed crucial, role in mitigating the effect of the climate crisis on children's health.

Climate Crisis
Climate Crisis© Christopher Furlong / Staff Getty Images
 

The study Climate vulnerability and child health outcomes in developing countries: Do women's political empowerment and female education make the difference? published on the Social science & medicine, made an interesting retrospective on this issue.

The researchers explained: "We also found that women's political empowerment (WPE) and female education mitigate the negative effect of climate vulnerability on children's health. These results remain robust to several alternative tests and therefore highlight the need to better examine how the health consequences of climate vulnerability are structured by gender in developing countries. Given the importance of women as agents of change, it would be more beneficial for policymakers to include them in the decision-making process common good is of fundamental importance to the world, especially in developing countries.

Climate crisis
Climate crisis© Christopher Furlong / Staff Getty Images News
 

This article contributes to the literature by analyzing the effect of climate vulnerability on children's health in a sample of 107 developing countries over the period 2000-2020. We also analyze the mediating role of women's political empowerment and women's education in the relationship between climate vulnerability and child health outcomes. Using the generalized method of moments in a two-stage system and linear regression absorbing different levels of fixed effects, we found strong evidence that climate vulnerability worsens children's health outcomes."

Sustainable development accepts environmental protection, social and economic development, including the empowerment of women. In the context of women and development, empowerment must include more choices that women can make independently. Empowering women and achieving gender equality helps society ensure the sustainable development of a country. Many world leaders and scholars have argued that sustainable development is impossible without gender equality and women's empowerment.