Already in 2017, of the 68.5 million who left their home for reasons of force majeure, from 22.5 to 24 million were forced to do so by sudden meteorological events: floods, forest fires following drought, increase in perturbations.
Not only that: the climate crisis will force 143 million people to emigrate by 2050, mainly from Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. Other estimates are also more pessimistic and speak of 200 million new migrants.
But the future is uncertain and the numbers could increase. A historical wave. While Cyclone Idai was the worst storm in Mozambique's history, the world is looking towards a future where these unprecedented wave are commonplace.
This is a global challenge and it will continue to create a multitude of critical issues that the international community must confront. All of these human migration could be due to climate change. People were forced to leave their home for forest fires, humanitarian crises, desertification, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, air pollution, rain pattern shifts, loss of biodiversity, food scarcity, agricultural degradation, or violent conflict.
It will be a global challenge to stop climate change and improve people's lives across the globe.
Norwegian wine, a symptom of climate change
In Northern Europe there are people who have managed to take advantage of climate change and rising temperatures.
there is someone who is happy and takes advantage of them. They are the new winegrowers of Northern Europe. In England and Germany there have been profitable cultivations of wine and olive oil for years, typical cultivars of the Mediterranean countries.
But now the wine is also produced in Norway. The chronicles have in fact recently reported the emblematic case of the vineyards of Slinde, in Norway, the most northerly of the planet. For some years now, appreciated red and rosé wines have been produced in small quantities.
Each glass of wine produced in these parts makes you feel what global warming is. Bjørn Ove Bergum, owner of these vineyards, is proud of the 55 different types of grape that he has managed to develop at latitudes equal to those of Greenland and does not deny that: "as a producer I see climate change as a positive fact."
It has long been known that the boundary line of the vineyards moved north and towards higher and higher altitudes, however, what is surprising even scientists is the rapidity of the phenomenon. Not only Italy, France, Argentina, the United States and Australia.
Ormia also countries with extreme latitudes try to grow grapes. In the Scandinavian summers, which last longer and longer, it is not uncommon to permanently exceed 30 degrees in temperature, which creates a microclimate capable of accommodating this cultivation, which among other things in the Norwegian fjords seems to also reach good levels of quality.
In light of all this we can better understand the case of neighboring Greenland, hitherto considered only a large inhospitable island and for which yet another political-economic conflict between the USA and China is unleashing, precisely in view of new land that will become soon cultivable due to global warming and the melting consequences of the ice.