Amazon rainforest absorbs less CO2 but releases more



by   |  VIEW 195

Amazon rainforest absorbs less CO2 but releases more

The climate crisis seems unstoppable and is putting the Amazon rainforest at risk, perhaps irreversibly. The forest has released 20% more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than it has absorbed in the past decade. The AFP writes, according to which from 2010 to 2019 the Brazilian Amazon basin emitted 16.6 billion tons of CO2 while it absorbed 13.9 tons.

The data was published in Nature. Over the past 50 years, plants have absorbed about 30% of the gases. The study also showed that deforestation increased nearly four times in 2019 compared to the previous two years. One million hectares have gone from razing to 3.9.

An area, the scientists remember, as big as Holland. Ecosystems, experts recall, are a crucial ally in the battle to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, which in 2019 exceeded 40 billion tons. forests emit poisons rather than absorb them: no longer natural wells that store gases but places that expel them because they are now saturated.

Continuing in this way, the jungle will become a savannah and then a barren land, with no more green thread. The consequences would be devastating for the entire globe. Jean-Pierre Wigneron, scientist at the Institute of Agronomy, said: "This is the first time we have reliable data.

They show how the Amazon has turned its role upside down. It is now a real gas emitter."

WWF turns 60: between successes and fears for the future

"Today more than ever we know that we can guarantee a secure, prosperous, healthy and equitable future for humanity only on a healthy planet, where sustainable development is the rule.

In the next 10 years, together with governments, businesses and communities, we must achieve more than we have been able to achieve in the last 60," said Marco Lambertini, director general of WWF International. WWF has offices and active projects in around 100 countries, supported by over 35 million people around the world: today WWF is facing the collapse in biodiversity.

In fact we have to recall that in the last 50 years the wild populations of mammals, fish, reptiles and amphibians have collapsed on average by 70%. Deforestation and illegal wildlife trade, destruction of natural ecosystems, meaning how human activity is pushing the planet's ecosystems to collapse.

Now the WWF is 60 years old. The organization, founded in 1961 by a small group of naturalists, carrying out some of the most innovative initiatives ever undertaken for the protection of the Planet. From the support and creation of protected areas such as the Galapagos and Volcanoes National Parks in Ecuador and Rwanda, to the conservation of iconic species such as the tiger, gorilla or giant panda, an unmistakable symbol of the WWF, whose number of individuals in nature is increased by 68% in 40 years, thanks to the NGO's collaboration with local governments and communities.