If greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise throughout the century, there will be a 6.4 percent increase in mortality worldwide. The consequences of global warming are often difficult to understand, but will soon come to directly affect the lives of people around the world.
The study: The effect of global warming on mortality, published on the Early human development, said: "There is a significant relationship between ambient temperature and mortality. In healthy individuals with no underlying co-morbid conditions, there is an efficient heat regulation system which enables the body to effectively handle thermal stress.
However, in vulnerable groups, especially in elderly over the age of 65 years, infants and individuals with co-morbid cardiovascular and / or respiratory conditions, there is a deficiency in thermoregulation. exceed a certain limit, being cold winter spells or heat waves, there is an increase in the number of deaths.
In particular, it has been shown that at temperatures above 27 ° C, the daily mortality rate increases more rapidly per degree rise compared to when it drops below 27 ° C. This is especially of relevance with the current emergency of global warming global warming will have a negative impact on primary producers and livestock, leading to malnutrition, which will in turn lead to a myriad of health related issues.
This is further exacerbated by environmental pollution. Public health measures that countries should follow should include not only health-related information strategies aiming to reduce the exposure to heat for vulnerable individuals and the community, but improved urban planning and reduction in energy consumption, among many others.
This will reduce the carbon footprint and help avert global warming, thus reducing mortality."
Massive food production speeds up the climate crisis: how do we curb it?
High temperatures, intense weather phenomena, drought: the climate crisis threatens to put one third of world food production at risk.
Many realities that are located between the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn could suffer the devastating effects of overheating and no longer be able to support either crops or livestock.
But this is only one side of the problem.
Massive food production is speeding up the climate crisis, global warming and melting ice. This happens because a considerable amount of energy and raw materials is needed to produce food: this translates into an increase in CO2 emissions into the environment.
The study: Mitigation of emerging implications of climate change on food production systems, published on the Mitigation of emerging implications of climate change on food production systems, said about the issue: "Crops, livestock and seafood are major contributors to global economy.
Agriculture and fisheries are especially dependent on climate. Thus, elevated temperatures and carbon dioxide levels can have large impacts on appropriate nutrient levels, soil moisture, water availability and various other critical performance conditions.
Changes in drought and flood frequency and severity can pose severe challenges to farmers and threaten food safety. In addition, increasingly warmer water temperatures are likely to shift the habitat ranges of many fish and shellfish species, ultimately disrupting ecosystems.
In general, climate change will probably have negative implications for farming, animalry and fishing. of climate change must be taken into account as a key as pect along with other evolving factors with a potential impact on agricultural production, such as changes in agricultural practices and technology; all of them with a serious impact on food availability and price.
This review is intended to provide critical and timely information on climate change and its implications in the food production / consumption system, paying special attention to the available mitigation strategies.