The Brazilian government, with leader Jair Bolsonaro, is slowly and progressively turning a blind eye to the destruction of the Amazon rainforest, the largest part of which is located in Brazil. Now, according to the daily Estado de S.Paulo, the Austrian NGO AllRise has filed a complaint against Brazilian President Bolsonaro at the International Criminal Court in The Hague for crimes against humanity.
Ong argues that the far-right leader's environmental policy has led to an increase in deforestation in the Amazon, as such considered an attack on all humanity. AllRise blames Bolsonaro for the destruction of the forest and the organisms and individuals that protect the Amazon.
In a press release, AllRise founder Johannes Wesemann explains: "In the complaint we present evidence showing that Bolsonaro's actions have a direct connection with the negative consequences of climate change around the world.
Crimes against nature are crimes against humanity. " According to the National Space Research Institute (INPE), 74 155 fires occurred in the Amazon forest area on 20 August 2019, marking a significant increase compared to the numbers recorded in the same period of 2018 (about 83%).
In the first 8 months of 2019, according to INPE and NASA, about 83,000 fires developed in the region, representing the highest data of the decade and probably the second highest ever since 2000 (second only to those of 2005 where in the first 8 months of the year there were at least 133,000 fires).
All this has important implications for the greenhouse effect, and constitutes one of the main parameters on which models for global warming of the planet are built. The combination of global warming and deforestation makes the regional climate drier and could upset the delicate balance of the rainforest by turning part of it into savannah.
Deforestation generates many problematic and potentially catastrophic aspects. Environmentalists have been denouncing for years an enormous loss of biodiversity, increased by the result of the destruction of forests and the unsustainable exploitation of its resources.
Amazon is a huge terrestrial lung, which, thanks to the high density of vegetation and its equatorial position which allows a great radiation from the Sun, consumes large quantities of carbon dioxide, generating oxygen. Removal of the forest area diminishes this effect; furthermore, deforestation is often carried out by uncontrolled fires.