Greenland loses 8 billion tons of ice per day



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Greenland loses 8 billion tons of ice per day

Greenland ice sheet began summer is accelerating melting with the arrival of summer and temperatures far above the average of the period. Since 2000 there has been an increase in the speed and amount of ice lost from the ice sheet.

In 2019, the melting of the ice released 600 billion tons of water, with a rise of 1.5 millimeters in sea level. Now, just in 2021, the heat wave with temperatures over 10 degrees above average has led the Greenland ice sheet to lose eight billion tons of ice per day.

Danish experts and scientists, such as Jason Box of the National Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, said: "Although the start of the ablation season was late this year, our data shows that the melting was quite intense on the ice sheet glacial since June.

And with a relatively dry winter we risk experiencing very high ice loss this year, at the start of 2019, if we encounter another heat spike, and sea level is currently rising at a rate of about 4 mm per year. More than half of this comes from melting glaciers and ice sheets.

A new scientific study shows that the rate at which the latter are losing ice is in the high range than predicted by climate models in the last major IPCC report. Even exceeding what is predicted by climate models with current greenhouse gas emissions.

The reasons for this are different in Greenland and in Antarctica, and this highlights the need to work to understand the phenomenon."

Global warming is destroying Arctic summer sea ice

Global warming refers to an increase in the average temperatures of the Earth's surface not attributable to natural causes and found since the beginning of the twentieth century.

According to the fourth report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of 2007, the average temperature of the earth's surface increased by 0.7 ± 0.2 ° C during the 20th century. Data from the historical thermal series in possession of scientists indicate that warming is not uniform across the globe: it is greater on land than in the oceans.

Furthermore, due to the greater distribution of emerged lands and relative anthropization, it is more accentuated in the northern hemisphere than in the southern one and higher in northern latitudes rather than in medium and low latitudes, the Arctic areas of Siberia and Canada are in strong warming, on the other hand the area of ‚Äč‚ÄčAntarctica is cooling.

Rising temperatures are causing major ice losses and rising sea levels. Impacts on rainfall structures and intensity are also visible, resulting in changes in the location and size of subtropical deserts. The global darkening, caused by the increase in the concentration of aerosols in the atmosphere, detected between the 1960s and 1980s, blocking the sun's rays, would at least partially mitigate the effects of global warming.

A new alarm is launched by the study published in Nature communications, entitled: Global warming due to loss of large ice masses and Arctic summer sea ice. In the article we can read how "several large-scale cryosphere elements such as the Arctic summer sea ice, the mountain glaciers, the Greenland and West Antarctic Ice Sheet have changed substantially during the last century due to anthropogenic global warming.

of their possible future disintegration on global mean temperature (GMT) and climate feedbacks have not yet been comprehensively evaluated. Here, we quantify this response using an Earth system model of intermediate complexity.

Overall, we find a median additional global warming of 0.43 ° C (interquartile range: 0.39-0.46 ° C) at a CO2 concentration of 400 ppm. Most of this response (55%) is caused by albedo changes, but lapse rate together with water vapor (30%) and cloud feedbacks (15%) also contribute significantly.

While a decay of the ice sheets would occur on centennial to millennial time scales, the Arctic might become ice-free during summer within the 21st century. Our findings imply an additional incre ase of the GMT on intermediate to long time scales. "