Caribbean islands are vulnerable to Atlantic hurricanes and tropical storms, the intensity of which would increase with climate change. Very active during climate conferences such as the COP, the representatives of the island of Saint Kittis also denounce the intrusion of salt in the sources of fresh water which makes the region highly vulnerable to sea level rise.
In 1623, the British and French landed on the island, which for about 40 years was part of the British colonial Empire and the possessions of the French Compagnie des Indes Occidentales. In the 1660s, the British crown succeeded in expelling the small French-speaking community and agents of the Compagnie.
Having assumed the status of an associate state in 1967, it became an independent member of the British Commonwealth in 1983. A strength of the offshore jurisdiction of Saint Kitts and Nevis is the International Nautical Register.
In 2010, the number of yachts, among those registered, reached and exceeded the threshold of 1 000. In practice, the ratio is 1 yacht for every 50 inhabitants. In the Parish of Saint Thomas Middle Island there is the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park, the only national UNESCO heritage site.
According to the United Nations it is the third country in the world for prisoners / inhabitants with 0.6% of the population. Inhabited by the Carib people, the island of Saint Kitts was reached in 1493 by Christopher Columbus, who gave it the name of Saint Christopher, and in 1623 the British explorer Thomas Warner founded the first successful colony of the West Indies at Old Road, a town on the west coast of the island.
In 1627 Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc founded the first French settlement and therefore throughout the 17th century the island was divided between French and English colonists, but was handed over to the United Kingdom of Great Britain by the Treaty of Utrecht of April 1713 and subsequently from the Treaty of Versailles of 1783, after the conquest by the French of the fortress of Brimstone Hill the previous year.
The island of Nevis was identified by Christopher Columbus the same year as he arrived in Saint Kitts and its name derives from the Spanish term las nieves, with which the Italian explorer himself described the clouds on top of the island's volcano.
From 1628 to the mid-19th century it prospered economically as a British colony, despite continued French and Spanish attacks of the 17th and 18th centuries. United with the island of Anguilla in 1882, in 1967 they obtained the possibility of self-government from the United Kingdom, which however maintained the task of defense and international relations.
In May 1967 the inhabitants of the island of Anguilla, unhappy with their dependence on the administration of Saint Kitts, unilaterally declared independence and created their own independent council.