Food Losses and Waste: a review



by LORENZO CIOTTI

Food Losses and Waste: a review

Food Losses and Waste: A Needed Assessment for Future Policies, research published on the International journal of environmental research and public health, said in its retrospective: "About one third of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted.

For this reason, food losses and waste has become a key priority within worldwide policy circles. This is a major global issue that not only threatens the viability of a sustainable food system but also generates negative externalities in environmental terms.

The avoidance of this forbidding wastage would have a positive economic impact on national economies in terms of resource savings. In this paper we look beyond this somewhat traditional resource savings angle and we shift the focus to explore the distributional consequences of food losses and waste reduction using a resource constrained modeling perspective.

behavioral shift of each household is therefore explained by two factors. One is the amount of res ources saved when the behavioral shift takes place, whereas the other one has to do with the position of households in the food supply chain.

By considering the whole supply chain, instead of the common approach based only in reducing waste by consumers, we enrich the empirical knowledge of this issue and improve the quantification of its economic impact. We examine data for three EU countries that present different economic structures (Germany, Spain and Poland) so as to have a broader and more robust viewpoint of the potential results.

We find that distributional effects are different for consumers and producers and also across countries. Our results could be useful for policymakers since they indicate that policies should not be driven merely by the size waste but rather on its position within the food supply chain."

Chernobyl falls back into the nightmare

Russian soldiers stationed at the nuclear power plant would have arrived in a hospital in Belarus, in the city of Gomel, after having accused symptoms of acute radiation syndrome, perhaps due to the excavation of trenches in the highly radioactive area without any protection, according to Ukrainian news agency UNIAN.

The news is not confirmed by independent international sources, but the Pentagon said Russian troops are leaving the Chernobyl nuclear site in Ukraine, where fighting has forced workers to work around the clock to prevent further collapses.

We recall that 31 fires had been identified in the exclusion zone near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. According to sources, Russian soldiers entered the Red Forest without radiation protection. During the occupation, employees continued to work non-stop to keep the plant safe, including reactor number 4, the one that exploded in 1986.