The Sentinels of the Arctic and their magic



by   |  VIEW 107

The Sentinels of the Arctic and their magic

The sentries of the Arctic or Tykky are natural formations of ice and snow that settles on trees in Lapland, making the landscape truly magical. Every year in the Finnish forest, when temperatures reach -30 °, this incredible natural phenomenon takes place.

Under the snow, the evergreen trees are submerged, becoming like marble sculptures in a white landscape. But what happens to the creation of the Arctic Sentinels? It is a thick blanket of snow and ice that entirely covers the spruce trees of an area close to the Arctic Circle in Finland, exactly in a protected area that extends for 77 square kilometers within the Riisitunturi-Kansallispuisto National Park.

The very low temperatures cause the drops of frost to stick to the branches of the trees of the Arctic Circle. This forest extends in a protected area that extends for 77 square kilometers within the Riisitunturi-Kansallispuisto National Park.

Lapland and its magic

In the 19th century it was the subject of scientific expeditions such as that of Jöns Svanberg, a Swedish university professor. Lapland is the geographic-cultural region inhabited by the Sami population.

It is found in Northern Europe, distributed in the northern regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Kola Peninsula, Russia. It borders the Barents Sea to the north, the Norwegian Sea to the west and the White Sea to the east.

Although Lapland has a semi-national connotation, which transcends the existing borders between the four states on which it is divided, there has never been and there is no push for complete autonomy. The Sami parliaments, founded in Norway (1989), Sweden (1993) and Finland (1996), have a weak political weight whose main task is to work for the preservation of the Sami culture.

Nonetheless, the still unresolved questions of land tenure and grazing rights for reindeer herds are also on the agenda of these bodies. The Sami minority in Russia does not enjoy any particular political recognition. Typical of the Sami population is the popular form of singing called joik.

Artists from Lapland are Mari Boine, Wimme Saari and the Angelit. The climate is subarctic and vegetation is sparse. North of the Arctic Circle polar night characterize the winter season and midnight sun the summer season—both phenomena are longer the further north you go.

In 1996 an area of ​​9,600 square kilometers called Lapland, Lapland region or Lapland area and located in the Swedish part of Lapland was included among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. 95% of this region is protected as a national park or nature reserve.