In 2021, Brazil's greenhouse gas emissions reached a new record due to the deforestation of the Amazon rainforest. During the 4 years of Bolsonaro's presidency there have been significant increases in the country's emission budget.
In 2021, total greenhouse gas emissions reached 2.42 billion tons of CO2 equivalent, up by about 12% compared to 2020, when they reached 2.16 Gt CO2e. According to SEEG data, a network of 70 environmental NGOs, the worst occurred only in 1995, when the growth was 13.5%, and in 2003, when the jump exceeded 20%.
In 2020 they were just over 1 Gt CO2e, in line with the 2019 values (0.98 Gt CO2e), but in 2021 they grew to 1.18 Gt CO2e. An almost 20% increase in just one year. And it will come as no surprise that in the year from August 2020 to July 2021, according to data from the PRODES system managed by the Brazilian state agency Inpe, deforestation grew by 22%.
Deforestation increases greenhouse gases in Brazil by 12%
The effect of 4 years of deregulation of environmental protection and laws in favor of intensive agriculture, ranchers and mining companies is photographed by the increase in greenhouse gas emissions resulting from land use change.
Marcio Astrini, head of Observatòrio do Clima, during the presentation of the new 2021 data, told: "We have a government that has abandoned, denied, climate issues and has done everything to destroy the environmental management of our country, especially in the Amazon." With this figure, the era of Jair Bolsonaro ends, the far-right president who took office in 2019 who narrowly lost the elections last Sunday against Lula, the candidate of the Workers' party who promised to reverse the course on destruction of the Amazon Rainforest.
The strongest concerns are determined by the conditions of the Amazon, which under the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro has suffered serious damage with an acceleration of the harmful practices of deforestation and transformation of the rainforest into agricultural land. Without rapid measures, the lung of the Earth could become a point of no return, with dramatic consequences.