A bonsai is not a simple plant in a pot. A bonsai is an ancient art, which seeks to find harmony between man and nature. And it is not a violence against the plant. On the contrary: the plant will be followed, cared for, loved to make it find the perfect, healthy and lasting life.
The unhappiness of a bonsai can only be given by the negligence and inexperience of those who grow it. A bonsai is a world. The plant, the vasop, the type of soil to be used, the fertilizer, the pesticides and antifungals, as well as the style of setting, irrigation, exposure to the sun, protection from the cold and other atmospheric agents should be evaluated , the use of certain settings.
In short, you need experience, perseverance and a lot of patience. Because to see a beautiful bonsai it takes years of growth and setting up. Growing a bonsai is never an easy task. It can run into many problems. There are tricks and techniques to use throughout the four seasons, in order to see your healthy and luxuriant essence grow.
There are different practices and interventions to follow according to the seasons: between late winter and early spring you will fertilize and you will be able to branches, irrigation increases in summer and decreases in autumn-winter, repotting must be done during periods of stasis of plant, sun exposure decreases during the summer and increases in the middle seasons.
Frost protection is carried out by wrapping the pot in a fabric that prevented the frost from penetrating the pot right into the roots.
Bonsai: between nature, botany and harmony
The bonsai also follows different styles: informal and formal upright, upside-down broom, cascade, grove, on rock, inclined, multi-trunk.
The style depends on the type of plant: the general rule is to follow what you see in nature. If in the US the pines are generally straight, the formal upright style will be followed. De a Japanese acer palmatum will open in the canopy, you will have different types of style choices.
The topsoil is crucial. A conifer such as a Japanese pine or larch or juniper will always want extremely draining and loose soil, such as Japanese volcanic earth (akadama) pumice stone or volcanic lapilli. Maples, elms, ash trees, hornbeams and beeches will want a soil with a high percentage of drainage material (pumice, lapillus), but also a smaller percentage of peat and organic material.
The choice of the vase is crucial. Imagine a splendid Acer Palmatum Deshojo in autumn, with red or orange leaf colors: what better than a dark blue or white vase? The shape, size and color of the vase will depend on the trunk at the base (nebari), on the type and color of leaves, on the style, color and age of the trunk.
In short, a world, a way to find harmony with nature, which helps to slow down the pace, to regain patience and to love the things that grow with their time.