Amazon Rainforest: indigenous at risk? Mining in the Amazon Rainforest threatens hundreds of indigenous. The report Undermining the rights published by the World Resource Institute said it. According to the document, the mining concessions secured by the various Amazonian countries cover approximately 1.28 million square kilometers, equal to 18% of the surface of the Amazon forest.
Furthermore, the report denounced, mining activities contribute to the pollution of at least 30 rivers in the Amazon basin and jeopardize the ability of indigenous communities to prevent deforestation. The Amazon area is home to an inestimable basin of peoples, wealth and biodiversity.
Mining by its nature has a destructive impact on the environment and brings with it social and health consequences. Mining activities within indigenous lands or in neighboring areas can lead to conflicts, especially between miners and indigenous peoples, who depend on their lands for their livelihood, said the document.
For decades, all the countries in the area have promoted and supported the exploitation and export of these minerals. One of the phenomena denounced by the report is the increase in artisanal mines. Illegal mining in the Amazon basin, especially small-scale mining, has been going on for decades.
But it has grown exponentially in recent years, denounces the document, which calculates the number of“ small-scale miners active in the region at around 50,000. According to the report, in 2016 28% of the gold produced in Peru, 30% in Bolivia, 77% in Ecuador, 80% in Colombia and up to 90% in Venezuela was mined illegally.
The main factor that has led to the increase in mining activities in the Amazon basin is the constant increase in the price of gold on international markets. An increase that has been going on for years, but which, due to the global health emergency, has prompted more and more investors to find refuge in a safe asset.
Rising prices have increased demand, sparking a new gold rush in the Amazon basin and implications for local populations and the environment. The increase in prices, combined with the withdrawal of police and military from the mining areas to guarantee the lockdown in the cities and manage the health crisis, has allowed illegal miners to increase their activities, said experts.
The Amazon Rainforest still burns
President Bolsonaro and Brazil have been cornered, accused of doing little or nothing to save our lungs from the flames. The number of fires is more than double last year. From January to the end of October, the Brazilian Space Research Institute recorded 17,326 fires; in the same period of 2019 there were 7,855.
he data collected by the satellites also explain that the largest number of outbreaks broke out in the Pantanal, the area southwest of the forest, considered the heart of biodiversity. A vital Eden for our planet, particularly humid, which this year suffered a real negative record: the highest number of fires in the last thirty years.
The part of the forest that is part of Brazil is precisely the most affected, with 46 percent of all fires. That they are malicious, despite the rains, few have doubts. Experts said that after clearing the jungle the criminals set fire to clean up the accumulated organic material.
At the end of the month, with the arrival of the rains, the pace of the fires seems to slow down. But we cannot rely on factors. climatic conditions. What happened in the Amazon and Pantanal cannot be repeated. The data collected by the satellites also explain that the largest number of outbreaks broke out in the Pantanal, the area southwest of the forest, considered the heart of biodiversity.
The Brazilian National Space Research Institute speaks of 2,856 fires in the month of October alone, which is the wettest. Let's imagine what can happen in the dry season.