After 150 years a new geranium flower is born in Italy: this was discovered in Umbria, at the famous Marmore waterfall. Two scientists, Roberto Venanzoni, professor of Botany at the University of Perugia and Robert Wagensommer, researcher at the University of Bari ,have discovered a new species of flower called it Geranium lucarinii.
The flower of the Marmore Falls can be observed in the botanical garden of the Terni naturalistic site, where some specimens have been transported. But given its rarity, the exact location of the discovery will remain secret, at least for now.
The pink whit-veined petals geranium, intense pink, was discovered in July 1868. After the morphological and genetic studies of the Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology of the Umbrian University, conducted together with Wagensommer, to certify that the geranium found, despite the many characteristics common to the well-known Geranium macrorrhizum, was to be re-evaluated as a new species.
Roberto Venanzoni said: "It was a sighting described as Geranium macrorrhizum a typically mountain species, an unusual presence at such low altitudes. On that occasion, a specimen was deposited in the herbarium of the University of Rome, with the place of origin reported in the identification tag: In umbrosis ad rupes circa Interamnam, Fall of the Marmore "
Since then, botanists were no longer able to come across geranium in the Valnerina area, so as to consider it a dubious, unlikely presence and therefore to be excluded for the Umbrian hilly area. Until May 2016, when Venanzoni found the flower in the site described by the countess almost one hundred and fifty years earlier.
Several bears suffering from a lethal neurological disease
They were suffering from encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain that has lethargy, a low weight and a head tilted sideways among its main symptoms. Investigation discovered that it is this disease that lowers their fear levels, so much so that they move away from the pack, get out of the woods and venture into populated or busy areas.
Further investigations will now be needed to understand why so many puppies are showing more or less severe neurological abnormalities. When a biologist and wildlife keeper from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife went to investigate, they found a situation that was becoming more common in the Tahoe Basin and elsewhere in the state.
They found a bear too young to be alone, dog-like, completely comfortable with people, picking an apple in the courtyard of a house. In the Wildlife Investigations Laboratory they found he weighed just 9.6 pounds instead of the normal 36 for his age, showing intermittent head tremors and other troubling neurological abnormalities.
The tests confirmed that it was encephalitis and the bear was euthanized. Veterinarian Brandon Munk said: "Whenever a wild animal comes into our care, the best result we aim for is a return to the wild. but this is not possible for neurologically compromised bears.
To date, the cause of encephalitis remains a mystery, so we don't know what any health risks it might pose to other animals as well. Some specimens with less severe symptoms have been placed in recovery programs in specialized centers but none have recovered at the moment."