WWF turns 60: between successes and fears for the future



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WWF turns 60: between successes and fears for the future

"Today more than ever we know that we can guarantee a secure, prosperous, healthy and equitable future for humanity only on a healthy planet, where sustainable development is the rule. In the next 10 years, together with governments, businesses and communities, we must achieve more than we have been able to achieve in the last 60," said Marco Lambertini, director general of WWF International.

WWF has offices and active projects in around 100 countries, supported by over 35 million people around the world: today WWF is facing the collapse in biodiversity. In fact we have to recall that in the last 50 years the wild populations of mammals, fish, reptiles and amphibians have collapsed on average by 70%.

Deforestation and illegal wildlife trade, destruction of natural ecosystems, meaning how human activity is pushing the planet's ecosystems to collapse. Now the WWF is 60 years old. The organization, founded in 1961 by a small group of naturalists, carrying out some of the most innovative initiatives ever undertaken for the protection of the Planet.

From the support and creation of protected areas such as the Galapagos and Volcanoes National Parks in Ecuador and Rwanda, to the conservation of iconic species such as the tiger, gorilla or giant panda, an unmistakable symbol of the WWF, whose number of individuals in nature is increased by 68% in 40 years, thanks to the NGO's collaboration with local governments and communities.

Pollution: by 2060 most of population at risk of infertility

Temporal trends in sperm count: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis is a study which show how from 1973 to 2011, the sperm count in men is dramatically dropped by about 60 %.

Professor Shanna H. Swan, a specialist in Reproductive Epidemiology at the Mount Sinai Icahn School of Medicine in New York said this is attributable to the pollutions. If this reduction continues over the next few decades, we risk encountering a concentration of spermatozoa so low that it even affects fertility.

Rresearchers said by 2060 humans could no longer produce enough sperm to reproduce. According to Swan, as early as 2045 most couples will need assisted fertilization to conceive, as natural sexual intercourse will become more and more complicated.

Article said it is not only the spread of pollutions that affects reproductive capacity, but also the radical change in lifestyle that has taken place over the last 50 years. Alcohol abuse, a sedentary lifestyle and an unbalanced diet are increasingly widespread behaviors.

The impact of these substances also affects other animals, as shown by the study on dogs Environmental chemicals in dog tests reflect their geographical source and may be associated with altered pathology published in Scientific Reports.

Scientists led by Professor Richard G. Lea have shown that man's best friend suffers from the same sperm drop observed in man. Studies on farmed mink have revealed an increasing spread of genital malformations, the spread of which is more marked even among animals exposed to wastewater, contaminated by our toxic chemical compounds.

Institutions such as the European Union are moving to regulate even more strictly the presence of these substances in everyday objects, in particular avoiding the replacement of harmful ones with equally harmful compounds. It will be a very dramatic scenario, as we often watch on the screen.