Covered for 10% by glaciers, Iceland is made up of the mountains of the mid-Atlantic ridge and has a surface formed by rocks of volcanic origin, mainly basaltic. Much of its territory is occupied by mountains that reach moderate heights and is characterized by vast plateaus.
The coasts, rich in inlets and deep fjords to the north, are sandy and low to the south and here are concentrated the arable areas, which are in total about one fifth of the surface. Finally, it must be said that the country is home to the largest glacier on the continent, the Vatnajökull and is the second largest island on the continent.
The beauty of Icelandic nature could be a cure-all. The article: The Restorative Potential of Icelandic Nature, published on the International journal of environmental research and public health, said about the topic: "This study aimed to investigate if proposed restorative attributes according to attention restoration theory and supportive environment theory could be experienced and identified in Icelandic landscape and contribute to a restorative experience in nature sites in rural Iceland.
Icelandic nature is a cure-all, because
A prospective mixed-method study was conducted over the period of one year. Seven different nature sites that were considered likely to have restorative qualities were selected for the evaluation ie, three forest sites, three seashores, and one park in and in the vicinity of Ísafjör & eth; ur, Iceland.
Each site was evaluated regarding how the participants experienced its restorative qualities and how a stay therein affected their mental state. Nature visits were offered once a week, where the participants visited one of the seven locations for two hours.
The findings show that the participants perceived and experienced nature sites as having the characteristics of a restorative environment and that staying at the nature sites positively affected their mental state. External conditions, like weather, which can affect nature visits, were rarely a hinderance.
Thus, it can be concluded that numerous coastal areas, forests, and parks in Iceland, especially in rural areas, might possess restorative qualities as well. This result shows that wild and open nature in North West Iceland has the characteristics of a restorative environment and can be utilized for health promotion. "