The Pyramid of Cheops is the oldest and largest of the three main pyramids in the Giza necropolis. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only one that has survived to this day not in a state of ruin.
It is made up of at least 2,300,000 blocks, each weighing an average of about 2.5 tons and, according to Egyptologists, built over a period of time on the order of tens of years. Egyptologists, archaeologists specializing in the study of ancient Egypt, believe that the pyramid was built as a sepulcher of the pharaoh Cheops, ruler of the fourth dynasty around 2560 BC.
In a rather accredited hypothesis, the royal architect Hemiunu is considered its creator. There are many mysteries and suggestions about this pyramid. Neither the coffin nor the funerary equipment was found inside the Great Pyramid, however this element combined with the lack of decorations or hieroglyphs of the internal compartments and the gigantic dimensions of the work, has given rise to a vast debate with a certain number of theories, not accredited by most of the archaeological scientific community, that the pyramids did not have the function of tombs.
This hypothesis is based on what has been said above, a material observation which in turn is strengthened by the fact that the scholars are unanimous in the belief that the men of the caliph al Mamum were the first to enter (it was 820 AD) the internal rooms of the Pyramid.
In fact, these men opened a breach in the south wall of the pyramid, slightly west and lower than the original entrance, which was brought to light only in modern times following excavations in the wall. It was in fact abundantly hidden, and there is no evidence that its cover was a patch remade after previous hypothetical opening of the breach.
Furthermore, it is even more proven that the caliph's men were the first to be able to enter the tunnels and tunnels that lead to the chambers of the King and Queen, tunnels and tunnels whose entrances were closed by impassable systems of granite slabs which are still in place.
The caliph's men fortunately managed to overcome these barriers, breaking through the roofs and floors of the various corridors, which is not found to have been done in other points before them. In 2023, a group of international researchers discovered a tunnel 9 meters long, 2 meters high and 2 meters wide.
It was found on the north side of the pyramid. According to Professor Zahi Hawass the tunnel would lead to the real burial chamber of Cheops. A throne made with meteoric iron and kept in the chamber of mysteries located in the pyramid of Cheops.
According to archaeologists, the cavity discovered inside the pharaoh's tomb would hide a surprising and fascinating object. This was revealed by Professor Giulio Magli, a scholar at the Milan Polytechnic, who has published a very interesting research on ArXiv in which he hypothesizes that in the chamber found in the pyramid located on the Giza plain, in Egypt, there is an iron throne which had purpose is to help the pharaoh to reach the afterlife, guiding him to the stars of the North.
The cavity was found some time ago by some researchers who were carrying out measurements in the pyramid of Cheops. In the structure there are four very narrow corridors in the direction of the stars. For Magli, the one located to the north would lead to the mythical throne room.