USA is about to return to the Moon after 50 years



by LORENZO CIOTTI

USA is about to return to the Moon after 50 years
© NASA / Handout Getty Images

United States will return to the Moon, 50 years after the last Apollo mission. USA have organized a new mission for January 25, 2024. John Thornton, CEO of the American company Astrobotic, announced the mission, which will be carried out with the Peregrine vehicle.

The mission, as we knew, will not carry any human beings on board, but five scientific instruments from NASA, which intends to study the lunar environment in preparation for the Artemis manned missions. L At the press conference, NASA told: “What we're trying to do is attempt a takeoff and landing on the surface of the Moon for a fraction of what it would otherwise cost.

Only about half of the missions flown to the surface of the Moon have been successful. So it's definitely a huge challenge. I will be terrified and excited at the same time in all phases of the operation."

Man and the Moon

Men first set foot on the Moon on July 20, 1969, at the height of a Cold War-inspired space race between the Soviet Union and the United States.

The Soviet lunar program was kept secret from official Moscow sources until the end of the Cold War. The first astronaut to walk on the lunar surface was the American Neil Armstrong, commander of Apollo 11. The last was Eugene Cernan, who after 3 days and 3 hours spent on the lunar surface with his colleague from the Apollo 17 mission, Harrison J.

Schmitt , left her on December 14, 1972. The Apollo 11 crew left a stainless steel plaque, commemorating the landing and leaving information about the visit to any other living being who finds it. After the Apollo landings, no human being walked on the Moon again.

Since the 2000s, the USA has resumed interest in lunar exploration. Already in 2017 the Artemis program was under development, but in 2020 NASA requested additional funding of 1.6 billion dollars, making the project a reality.

Artemis is an ongoing manned spaceflight program carried out primarily by NASA, U.S. commercial spaceflight companies, and international partners such as the European Space Agency (ESA), JAXA, and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) with l goal of landing the first woman and next man on the Moon, specifically in the lunar south polar region, by 2024.

NASA sees Artemis as the next step toward the long-term goal of establishing a self-sustaining presence on the Moon , lay the groundwork for private companies to build a lunar economy, and ultimately send humans to Mars.