Different vascular risk between vegans, vegetarians and meat-eaters?



by   |  VIEW 110

Different vascular risk between vegans, vegetarians and meat-eaters?

Vegetarians, fish, poultry, and meat-eaters: who has higher risk of cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality? A prospective study from UK Biobank is a truly suggestive study that connects a fundamental aspect of health, such as the cardiovascular system, and the diet, which is different between vegans, vegetarians and meat-eaters.

The study, published on the European heart journal, said us: "To compare the incidence and mortality risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) [CVD and also ischaemic heart disease (IHD), myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and heart failure ( HF)] among people with different types of diets-including vegetarians, fish eaters, fish and poultry eaters, and meat-eaters-using data from UK Biobank.

A total of 422 791 participants (55.4% women) were included in this prospective analysis. Using data from a food frequency questionnaire, four types of diets were derived. Associations between types of diets and health outcomes were investigated using Cox proportional hazard models.

Meat-eaters comprised 94.7% of the cohort and were more likely to be obese than other diet groups. After a median follow-up of 8.5 years, fish eaters, compared with meat-eaters, had lower risks of incident CVD {hazard ratios (HR): 0.93 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.88-0.97]}, IHD [ HR: 0.79 (95% CI: 0.70-0.88)], MI [HR: 0.70 (95% CI: 0.56-0.88)], stroke [HR: 0.79 (95% CI: 0.63-0.98)] and HF [HR: 0.78 (95% CI: 0.63-0.97)], after adjusting for confounders.

Vegetarians had lower risk of CVD incidence [HR: 0.91 (95% CI: 0.86-0.96)] relative to meat-eaters. In contrast, the risk of adverse outcomes was not different in fish and poultry eaters compared with meat-eaters. No associations were identified between types of diets and CVD mortality.

Eating fish rather than meat or poultry was associated with a lower risk of a range of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Vegetarianism was only associated with a lower risk of CVD incidence.

Released the crocodile with a tire around his neck for 5 years

In Indonesia, a wild crocodile that had lived with a tight tire around its neck for more than five years has finally been freed.

Authorities had been trying to catch since 2016 after residents saw the tire around his neck. In the end, it was one of the locals who captured the animal. The man used a hen as bait and after two attempts he managed to bring the big crocodile ashore by tying it with ropes with the help of dozens of people.
Once immobilized, the animal was freed from its tire.

The first two attempts to capture the crocodile failed as the ropes were not strong enough to support the animal's weight. And only when nylon ropes were used was it possible to catch it. According to authorities, someone deliberately put the tire around the crocodile's neck in an unsuccessful attempt to capture it and keep it as a pet.