Mental Health Consequences of the Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima Nuclear Disasters: A Scoping Review, is a study published on the International journal of environmental research and public health, that poses interesting problems with related answers to an aspect that, unfortunately, has become topical again in recent days, due to the war between Russia and Ukraine, which has words of nuclear deterrence on the horizon.
The study explains: "Many individuals who were affected by the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami and the subsequent Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident continue to face a challenging recovery. We reviewed the long-term mental health consequences of three major nuclear power plant accidents.
: the Three Mile Island (TMI, 1979), Chernobyl (1986), and Fukushima (2011) nuclear disasters. We examined the relevant prospective cohort studies and before-and-after studies that covered more than two timepoints, searching four databases (PubMed , Ichushi, PsyArticles, and PTSDPub).
We identified a total of 35 studies: TMI, n = 11; Chernobyl, n = 6; and Fukushima, n = 18. The smaller numbers of early-phase studies (within 6 months) of the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters may also indicate the chaotic situation at those timepoints, as large-scale interviews were conducted in the early phase after the TMI disaster.
more than half of the participants in the studies we evaluated were categorized into low or under-threshold symptom groups in all three disasters. Across the three disasters, the radiation exposure level estimated by the proximity and stigma were the common risk factors for mental health outcomes.
Our findings will contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the impact of the worst nuclear accidents in history on the affected individuals' mental health, and our results illustrate the longitudinal consequences of such disasters." We recall that some days ago, Japan falls back into its nightmare: a 7.3 magnitude earthquake hit the coast of Fukushima, with a new tsunami warning.
The event was recorded at 11:36 pm local time, according to the Japanese Meteorological Agency. The agency has warned of a possible tsunami of up to 1 meter for the prefectures of Miyagi Fukushima prefectures. National television NHK said the tsunami had already reached some areas.
Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, which manages the Fukushima nuclear plant, said its technicians are working to investigate possible damage. Two million people were left without electricity. The earthquake occurred 60 kilometers deep under the sea in the same area devastated by the earthquake and tsunami of 2011, with the following nuclear disaster, an earthquake that had a magnitude of 9.0.
No material damage or casualties have so far been reported. The energy company Tepco has reported that checks are underway on the Fukushima nuclear power plant. Blackouts affected over two million people and several parts of Tokyo were also left without electricity.
Located at the intersection of several major tectonic plates, Japan is regularly hit by earthquakes and has rigorous construction standards so that its buildings are able to withstand severe tremors.