Habitual intake of fruits and vegetables with depressive symptoms



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Habitual intake of fruits and vegetables with depressive symptoms

Major depressive disorder is a disabling disease that often involves both the emotional and cognitive spheres of the person, negatively affecting family life, working life, study, eating habits and about sleep, physical health with a strong impact therefore on the lifestyle and quality of life in general.

Diagnosis is based on the patient's self-reported experiences, behavior reported by relatives or friends, and a mental status examination. There is currently no laboratory test for its diagnosis. The most common time of onset is between the ages of 20 and 30, with a peak between the ages of 30 and 40.

Typically, patients are treated with antidepressant drugs and often, in a complementary way, also with psychotherapy. Hospitalization may be necessary when there is self-neglect or when there is a significant risk of harm to oneself or others.

The course of the disease is highly variable: from a single episode lasting a few weeks to a lifelong disorder with recurrent episodes of major depression. The study: Association of habitual intake of fruits and vegetables with depressive symptoms: the AusDiab study, published on the European journal of nutrition, analyzed: "To investigate the relationship of habitual FV intake, different types of FV, and vegetable diversity with depressive symptoms .

Australian men and women aged> 25 years from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a Food Frequency Questionnaire at baseline, 5 and 12 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the validated 10-item Center for Epidemiology Studies Short Depression Scale at 12 years.

Multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between the exposures of interest and depressive symptoms using odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals across quartiles of FV intake and vegetable diversity.

Analyzes were multivariable-adjusted for confounding factors. Results: At 12 years, 425 participants had "any depressive symptoms" Habitual FV intake was inversely associated with depressive symptoms at 12 years.

After adjustment, participants in quartile 2 of FV intake had a 20% lower odds of having any depressive symptoms in comparison to those in the lowest quartile of FV intake. Yellow / orange / red and leafy green vegetables were the key vegetable types driving this association.

Higher vegetable diversity was associated with a 24-42% lower odds of having depressive symptoms when compared to <3 different vegetables / day. The associations remained similar after further adjusting for diet quality.

Conclusion: A FV-rich diet, consisting of a diverse range of vegetables, particularly yellow / orange / red and leafy green vegetables may help to lower depressive symptoms. Promoting such a diet, particularly in men and women with a low FV intake, may have a significant public health impact. "