Air pollution is mainly due to anthropic activities that favor the diffusion of gases and very fine particles in the atmosphere. In particular, the main sources of air pollution are industrial activities, energy production plants, heating systems and road traffic.
Lowering the Lowering of CO2 emissions is one of the main issues to be addressed. Air pollution affects human health, ecosystems, buildings, materials and the climate. The pollutants released into the air can be responsible for various pathologies: among the most common are diseases of the respiratory tract, the cardiovascular system and the immune system.
The impact of ambient air pollution on lung function and respiratory symptoms in elite athletes, study published on the The Science of the total environment, explained: "Air pollution has become a significant public health concern.
During exercise, many physiological factors are thought to increase the effects of air pollution. Air pollution most affects lung function and respiratory symptoms. We investigated the association between lung function, respiratory symptoms, and air pollutant concentration with meteorological factors in elite sports athletes.
A total of 59 elite sports athletes from the Korea National Sports University participated in this prospective, observational study from September 2019 to June 2020. At ten visits, lung function and respiratory symptoms were obtained after a training session.
We measured six air pollutants, including SO2, CO, O3, NO2, PM10, and PM2.5, and two meteorological factors, including humidity and temperature. Air pollutants and meteorological factors were measured by two nearest depositories of the national air pollution information system in Korea.
Air pollutants and meteorological factors are associated with lung function and respiratory symptoms and have cumulative effects among elite athletes. In the multi-pollutant model, temperature has the most significant effect on long function." We recall Air pollution causes acidification and over-fertilization of natural ecosystems.
In particular, ozone has chronic effects on vegetation and causes crop losses. Air pollution is also one of the main causes of melting glaciers: higher CO2 emissions into the atmosphere increase the earth's temperature, with a consequent rise in sea levels associated with the lost ice.