Although pesticides are not the only cause of ecological damage, they are certainly one of the most serious. This danger was ignored for a long time until the fears became dramatically evident: disappearance of animal species, disappearance of fish in rivers and seas near the coasts, reduction of game, especially birds, contamination of waters and soils up to to the polar regions: a profound alteration of the environmental balance.
The study: Effect of Gestational Pesticide Exposure on the Child's Respiratory System: A Narrative Review, published in the International journal of environmental research and public health, told us: "In recent years, concern has arisen worldwide about the potential adverse effects that could result from early-life exposure to pesticides.
Asthma, bronchitis, and persistent cough in children have been linked to gestational exposure to pesticides. The respiratory effects of gestational exposure to pesticides are controversial.The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between pesticide exposure in pregnant women and its effect on the respiratory system of their children.
A narrative review was carried out by means of a search in the main databases. Findings of studies confirmed the effects of pesticides on the child's health. These substances cross the placenta and become transmitters of exposure to the individual at the most sensitive stage of her development.
Chronic exposure to pesticides in fetuses is associated with chronic respiratory symptoms and disease." Worldwide, the UN, more specifically the FAO, defines as a pesticide any substance, single or mixed with others, intended to destroy or control any harmful organism, prevent or prevent its damage, including vectors of human and animal diseases unwanted species of plants or animals that cause damage or otherwise interfere during the production, processing, storage, transport and marketing of food, foodstuffs, wood and its derivatives, zootechnical feed, as well as substances that may be intended for animals to control insects, mites or other harmful organisms administered or applied to them.
Substances intended for use as plant growth regulators, defoliants, desiccants, thinners or fruit anti-drops are included. Also those applied to crops before or after harvest to protect it from deterioration during storage and transport.
Pesticides are used in various sectors and to solve numerous problems relating to human, animal and plant health. One of the main sectors is agriculture, for the protection or development of crops and livestock. To protect human health, animals and domestic environments, as well as those related to anthropic activities, pesticides are used, both against vectors of diseases and against macro and microorganisms, above all with a view to guaranteeing hygiene and non-deterioration.