Protecting Cardiovascular Health From Wildfire Smoke, study published in the Circulation, goes in depth on issue regarding Wildfire. Wildfires can cause indirect damage to health, especially smoke, which can affect the respiratory system and the cardiovascular system.
In this research, the researchers focused their efforts on the effects on the cardiovascular system.
Wildfire smoke can cause heart problems: how to defend yourself
The researchers explained ijn their review: "Wildfire smoke is a rapidly growing threat to global cardiovascular health.
We review the literature linking wildfire smoke exposures to cardiovascular effects. We find substantial evidence that short-term exposures are associated with key cardiovascular outcomes, including mortality, hospitalization, and acute coronary syndrome.Wildfire smoke exposures will continue to increase over the majority of Earth's surface.
For example, the United States alone has experienced a 5-fold increase in annual area burned since 1972, with 82 million individuals estimated to be exposed to wildfire smoke by midcentury. The associated rise in excess morbidity and mortality constitutes a growing global public health crisis.
Fortunately, the effect of wildfire smoke on cardiovascular health is modifiable at the individual and population levels through specific interventions. Health systems therefore have an opportunity to help safeguard patients from smoke exposures.We provide a roadmap of evidence-based interventions to reduce risk and protect cardiovascular health.
Key interventions include preparing health systems for smoke events; identifying and educating vulnerable patients; reducing outdoor activities; creating cleaner air environments; using air filtration devices and personal respirators; and aggressive management of chronic diseases and traditional risk factors.
Further research is needed to test the efficacy of interventions on reducing cardiovascular outcomes." The fire causes effects of a different nature. In addition to the panic of the people possibly involved, the high temperatures can cause burns or carbonization or serious structural damage in the case of elements in concrete, steel or structural wood, with the difference that the duration of the latter can be scientifically calculated and then the permissible escape time.
Finally much damage is caused by noxious gases. For example, the formation of CO2 saturates the environment, depleting the presence of oxygen; in the event of incomplete combustion, carbon monoxide can form or in other cases, the formation of NOx polluting gases is possible. In addition to particulate matter, air pollution can develop dioxins and, of course, CO2