Almonds against diabetes and cholesterol



by LORENZO CIOTTI

Almonds against diabetes and cholesterol
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Almonds are particularly suitable in the diets of subjects with chronic and metabolic pathologies, such as type 2 diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. In a first study it was shown that 56 g of almonds introduced into the daily diet have beneficial effects on glycemic control, the lipid profile and fat deposits.

These effects would seem to be able to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. In a second study, conducted by the American Diabetes Association, it highlighted how a diet that includes 20% of the calories that come from almonds for a period of 16 weeks, increases insulin sensitivity and decreases LDL cholesterol levels in people with pre-diabetes.

Like all oilseeds, almonds have a high caloric content, equal to approximately 500-600 kcal/100 g, and are made up of 50% lipids; despite this they do not contribute to weight gain if they are consumed in the recommended doses and in controlled calorie regimes.

Its fats are in fact mostly unsaturated. In 100 g of product, the sweet almond contains: 571 calories, proteins 24.19 g, fats 50.61 g, carbohydrates 2.74 g, edible 80 g; vitamin E is present at a rate of 23.6–26 mg per 100 g of edible product.

The most represented mineral in almonds is magnesium. Iron is approximately 3 mg, calcium 220 mg.

Not just health, almonds in food use!

Almonds are a widely used ingredient in various traditional cuisines in the Mediterranean area, in particular in Sicilian cuisine, both sweet and savory.

They are harvested by hand and with sticks in the period August-September and are used both in cooking and in pastry making. One of the most popular drinks prepared with almonds is almond milk, a very energetic drink, as the almond contains a significant percentage of proteins, precious vitamins of groups B1 and B2, magnesium, iron and calcium, used especially in warm weather.

summers of Mediterranean countries. It is prepared with sweet almonds and sugar. The syrup should be served diluted with very fresh water. However, with the name almond milk a typical Sicilian product is recognized and included in the P.A.T.

list. of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies. Almond granita is also common in Sicily.