The environmental impact on our cardiovascular climbs

A new study has led to interesting results on the issue

by Lorenzo Ciotti
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The environmental impact on our cardiovascular climbs
© Alexander Koerner / Stringer Getty Images

Prevention of cardiovascular diseases involves healthy eating, physical exercise, reducing smoking and limiting alcohol consumption. Cardiovascular diseases represent the leading cause of death worldwide, except for Africa.

Deaths due to cardiovascular disease are more common and increasing in most developing countries, while mortality rates have declined in most developed countries since the 1970s. Coronary heart disease and stroke account for 80% of CVD deaths in men and 75% in women. Most cardiovascular diseases affect older individuals.

In the United States, CVD affects 11% of individuals between the ages of 20 and 40, 37% between the ages of 40 and 60, 71% between the ages of 60 and 80 and 71% above the age of 80. 85%. The average age in deaths from coronary heart disease is around 80 years in developed countries, while it drops to around 68 years in developing countries. CVD is generally diagnosed in men seven to 10 years earlier than in women.

But what relevance, impact and importance does the environment around us have for our cardiovascular health?

Cardiovascular health
Cardiovascular health© Theo Heimann / Stringer Getty Images
 

The study Environmental Impacts on Cardiovascular Health and Biology: An Overview, published on the Circulation research, explained, in what was a very interesting new perspective of which you can read an abstract below:

"Environmental stressors associated with human activities (eg, air and noise pollution, light disturbance at night) and climate change (eg, heat, wildfires, extreme weather events) are increasingly recognized as contributing to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. These harmful exposures have been shown to elicit changes in stress responses, circadian rhythms, immune cell activation, and oxidative stress, as well as traditional cardiovascular risk factors (eg, hypertension, diabetes, obesity) that promote cardiovascular diseases, we summarize evidence from human and animal studies of the impacts of environmental exposures and climate change on cardiovascular health, we discuss strategies to reduce the impact of environmental risk factors on current and future cardiovascular disease burden, including urban planning, personal monitoring, and mitigation measures."