The Mediterranean diet is a nutritional model inspired by the eating patterns widespread in some countries of the Mediterranean basin, inspired by the eating habits of Spain, Italy and Greece in the 1960s. The diet was recognized by UNESCO as a protected asset and included in the list of oral and intangible heritage of humanity in 2010.
The diet is based on foods whose consumption is usual in countries of the Mediterranean basin, in a proportion that favors cereals, fruit, vegetables, seeds, olive oil, compared to a more rare use of red meat and animal fats (saturated fats ), while it has a moderate consumption of fish, white meat (poultry), legumes, eggs, dairy products, red wine, sweets.
The Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduction in all-cause mortality in observational studies. The Mediterranean diet can help with weight loss in obese people.
Mediterranean Diet and its Benefits on Health and Mental Health: A Literature Review, an article published on the Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health: CP & EMH, relates these two to the Mediterranean health diet.
We know how diet is one of the most important part of our health, and this article focused on this particular topic. Here is an abstract: "Mediterranean Diet (MD) is currently considered one of the most healthy dietary models worldwide.
It is generally based on the daily intake of fruit and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, fish, white meats, and olive oil. It may also include moderate consumption of fermented dairy products, a low intake of red meat, and red / white wine during the main course.
Even if the effect of MD on cancer prevention as well as on human metabolic and cardiovascular balance has been discussed, including the quality of life of the exposed population, the putative effects on mental health are still not properly investigated.
This narrative review reports on some emerging pieces of evidence on the possible impact of MD on general health and the outcome of psychiatric disorders (eg, major depression, anxiety) and encourages further studies to test the benefits of healthy food selection on the health of the general population. "