Cardiovascular risk factors are specific conditions that are statistically related to cardiovascular disease, and which are therefore believed to contribute to its pathogenesis. The risk factors are therefore not to be considered causal agents, but indicators of the probability of the occurrence of a coronary artery disease; their absence does not exclude the appearance of the disease, but the presence of one of them, and even more the coexistence of several risk factors linked together, considerably increases the risk of onset and development.
Unfortunately, the joint effort of all Scientific Societies to identify the best tests with the greatest guarantee of success has not led to concordant data, as can be seen from the sometimes conflicting results. In fact, the current international guidelines do not recommend the indiscriminate use on the whole population of most of these screening tests, but the use commensurate with the possibility of pathology, resulting from the history and familiarity of the individual in question.
The most used are obviously also the most easily assessed by outpatient medicine: medium-intimal thickness with arterial doppler, microalbuminuria and glycosylated hemoglobin, and mitro-aortic calcifications with an echocardiogram.
The study: Pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases and role of vitamins, herbal extracts in the reduction of cardiovascular risks, published on the Cardiovascular & hematological agents in medicinal chemistry, tries to explain how the use of herbal vitamins can play an important role in patients with at cardiovascular risk.
We can read: "Heart disease is considered as the leading cause of worldwide death. These diseases are recognized as group of disorders which are related to heart and blood vessels. Generally, heart diseases are considered life style associated diseases but many other factors are also found associated with cardiovascular diseases.
The aim of this review is to provide the till date information regarding local and circulatory disorders, role of different vitamin and herbs on heart diseases. This review article contains a detailed survey of literature about cardiovascular diseases which was available in different online databases such as; PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Elsevier, and Google Scholar etc.
In this review, authors have focused on description of cardiovascular disorders, their pathophysiological properties and importance of micronutrients, vitamins and herbs in management of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases are considered the responsible approximately for 17.9 million deaths annually at global level.
Surprisingly, low- and middle-income countries counts for 75% of CVD deaths. These diseases represents disorders related circulatory systems specially heart and coronary arteries. Many life style associated factors such as; high cholesterol consumption, smoking, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, metabolic disorders, stress, and other factors such as; family history, age, gender and genetic factors etc have been found involved in the establishment of CVDs.
That's why management of diet, management of tobacco and alcohol consumption, management of stress, increased physical activities are considered population wide strategies for control cardiovascular diseases. On the basis of pathophysiology, heart diseases are of many types and out of them acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) are considered serious and catastrophic cardiac disorders.
Intake of vitamins, micronutrients, lycopene, omega 3 fatty acid and many herbs like Crataegus oxyacantha (Hawthron), Allium sativum (garlic), Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), Ganoderma lucidum (lingzhi), Ginkgo biloba have been identified good for cardiovascular diseases management and treatment.
Cardiovascular dieseases are considered one of the fatal clinical conditions as many of them are asymptomatic. The regulation of diet, increased physical activities, and health life style are recommened to control development of cardiovascular problems.
Including this, scintific studies have supported the role of many vitamins, nutrients and herbs as beneficial in cardiovascular diseases but many of them could not demonstrate their role at clinical level but it is suggested that their role as nutriens can not be ignored and their consumption may reduc the cardiovascular risks."